Effects of Pectinase, Cellulase and Nutrient Addition on Fermentation of Sweet Potato Mashes


Author(s): Richard N. McArdle and John C. Bouwkamp

Abstract

Addition of either cellulose or pectinase mixture to pre-heated sweet potato mashes at the time of yeast inoculation increased ethanol production up to twice that of untreated mashes, possibly by enhancing the post-heating activity of the native amylase and/or by lowering the viscosity of the mash, thus allowing better mixing and providing more chances for analyses attack on starch granules. With enzyme addition, heating mashes beyond 60°C did not increase ethanol yield. However, ethanol production was higher if enzymes were not added. The use of a common yeast nutrient supplement, corn steep, was detrimental to fermentation.

Keywords : Sweet potato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam] genotypes. Fermentation. Prefermentation heating. Pectinase. Cellulase. Corn steep. Ethanol yield.

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