Candida albicans in backyard chicken flocks raised in a small community in Leyte, Philippines: Prevalence and risk factors associated


Authors: Kenny Oriel A. Olana*, Ana Marquiza M. Quilicotand Eugene B. Lañada

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Candida albicans in backyard chickens flocks among small hold raisers in selected villages of Baybay City, Leyte and to identify the risks factors associated with the prevalence of C. albicans. Using Sabouraud’s dextrose agar, 185 (68.5%) out of 270 samples were positive with yeast and 94 (34.81%) out of those yeast isolates were positive for C. albicans. Multivariable logistic regression analysis results show unconditional association between the sex of the chicken with the isolation of C. albicans. The odds of roosters harboring C. albicans is 56% lower than hens (OR=0.44, 95% CI 0.2-0.7) with a p-value of 0.0047. Considering the possibility of contact between smallholder chicken flocks and the community, the isolation of C. albicans from apparently healthy chickens necessitates the implementation of proper hygiene and sanitation management especially in small-hold chicken flocks.

Keywords: candidiasis, fungal zoonosis, chicken, poultry candidiasis